Hoop pine


The recent discussion about Bunya pine and the tonewood market led me to wonder about Queensland Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii)

Hoop pine is the only premium plantation timber species currently harvested in Australia. Some 500 ha are harvested each year. It is not known how much wood is produced from this harvest.

As such Hoop pine provides the only example in Australia of what a future plantation blackwood market might look like; with the one exception that if I was around I would be trumpeting the blackwood market dynamics as much as possible. Market transparency is vital!

Here’s a Hoop pine fact sheet from the Queensland government:


(Curious how these forest fact sheets never talk about economics or log prices, as if investing in trees has nothing to do with money!)

The 44,500 ha of Hoop pine plantations were established by the Queensland Government but were sold when the Government decided to privatise the forest plantation resource in 2010, and are now owned by the one company,  Hancock Timber Resource Group, with the plantations managed by HQPlantations.


So far as I’m aware the forest industry is not seeking to encourage the expansion of the Hoop pine plantation resource. Given that the Hoop pine owners pay no local Government rates, expansion of this resource by competing landowners will be difficult.

No one will ever know how much the market is paying for Hoop pine logs. It’s difficult enough to find Hoop pine timber retail prices. Timber merchants positively hate advertising their prices. So the economics of plantation Hoop pine as an investment are unknown and that’s the way the forest industry likes it.

If you spend a lot of time searching on the internet you may find the following economic study of plantation hoop pine investment:

Herbohn, J.L. 2006, ‘Potential financial returns from Hoop Pine and an assessment of the likely impacts of various support measures on landholder willingness to plant’, in Harrison, S.R. and Herbohn, J.L (ed.), Proceedings of Sustainable Forest Industry Development in Tropical North Queensland; Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management, Rainforest CRC, Cairns.

Herbohn 2006

The study uses a stumpage of just $70 per cubic metre for a 45-50 year-old plantation grown premium wood product!!

That would certainly kill any landholder willingness to plant!

All a 2012 Queensland Government report on the State forest industry could say about Hoop pine was these 60 words:

Araucaria (hoop pine) plantations consist largely of plantings of hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii), with smaller areas of bunya pine (Araucaria bidwillii). However, araucaria log timber is relatively costly to produce because of high management and harvesting inputs, largely as a result of the steep sites on which it has been established and high pruning costs. Crop rotation lengths are also very long at around 40 to 50 years.

State of Queensland (2012) Queensland forest and timber industry situation analysis.

It doesn’t sound encouraging does it?

Nevertheless I managed to track down one Hoop pine retail price list:


It’s a curious price list in terms of the limited sizes available and the prices. High prices for small cuts but not for big cuts. Wide boards (140mm) are cheaper, with thicker wide boards (31mm) being cheaper than thin boards (12mm). The prices on the range of 42mm wide boards (8, 19, 31 and 42 mm) provides for some curious deliberation.

What is clear is that these represent premium prices (~$9,000 per cubic metre) for premium plantation timber. Compare these prices with the $2,500 per cubic metre for dressed premium grade Radiata pine from Bunnings Hardware:


It would certainly be interesting to know the details of the business model the Hoop pine plantation owner uses to maximise returns to the company. Just exactly how profitable are these plantations to the owner? This price list gives us few clues.

If any readers have Hoop pine growing I’d love to hear your stories. Send us a comment.

2 responses to “Hoop pine

  1. Hello! Wow it’s 5 years since you wrote this article and Hoop Pine is now critical to our timber supply chains in Australia. I own a furniture design and manufacturing company specialising in plywood, which until March 2022 was 99% birch ply. Now with the war in Russia we need to look locally. Everyone is moving from birch ply to hoop pine ply and no doubt the demand will drive the pricing on this. I would love to hear an update on your research of plantations and to know if any competition to Hancock Timber Resources has been established to support the new focus of on-shore supply.

    • Hi Sophie,
      Unfortunately I have no update on the status of Hoop pine plantations. Given how dysfunctional timber markets are in Australia I assume nothing has changed in the last 5 years.

      Assuming someone in queensland is still making hoop plywood, I’m sure they would be very happy to put more supply into the local market if the demand and the price is right. I imagine other countries will also be searching for alternatives to birch plywood, so as you say, prices will only increase.

      The Russian boycotts highlights the difficulty in finding alternative markets. Timber markets especially are very inflexible. In the past we have just gone and plundered native forests, as the Russians are doing. It takes a long time to grow a tree and involves a significant committment of financial and human resources. Tree growers need to have some security that markets will exist in the future when their trees are ready to harvest.

      If the marketplace wants to support and build a local hoop pine resource, with or in competition with Hancock, then some serious work is required.

      Most companies in Australia that rely on wood don’t seem to care about where their wood comes from, or if they will still have a supply in 5, 10 or 20 years. Given the state of the worlds forests that seems to be a very dangerous strategy.

      I have plenty of ideas about this issue if you are up for a discussion.


      Gordon Bradbury

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